Since both India and Pakistan got independence in 1947, Kashmir has been the centre of a territorial dispute between the two countries. The princely state of Jammu and Kashmir, whose ruler at the time, Maharaja Hari Singh, was clinging to his claim to independence, acceded to India in 1948 on the condition that the state maintain its autonomy in all areas aside from defence, currency, and foreign affairs.
This had led an uprising in the state’s western region sparked the accession. The United Nations intervened to put an end to the fighting between India and Pakistan, and the U.N. Military Observer Group on India and Pakistan has been keeping watch over the cease-fire line since 1948. (UNMOGIP).
The right to self-determination day reiterates the long-cherished demand of the Kashmiris that they should be granted their birth right to decide about their destiny under the spirit of the internationally-acknowledged U.N resolutions, passed by the Security Council this day – January 05, 1949. Which further clarifies that India should renounce its militaristic and Hindu nationalist policies and address the Kashmir conflict in accordance with UN resolutions.
The UN recognized Jammu and Kashmir as a disputed territory on January 5th, and in support of a peaceful resolution, the international community adopted resolutions calling for the issue to be resolved in line with the wishes of the people expressed in a fair plebiscite conducted under the supervision of the UN. A plebiscite may be held in accordance with the resolution from January 5th, 1949, however despite periodic deployments of one million armed soldiers in this disputed territory, grave human rights violations continue to occur.
India proposed these resolutions under a variety of pretexts, but ultimately rejected them and refused to put the United Nations resolutions into effect. In accordance with UN resolutions, Kashmiris are clamoring for their promised right to self-determination, but the Indian army and paramilitary forces are committing the worst types of human rights violations. The daily occurrence of disappearances, torture, staged encounters, and executions in captivity.
International human rights watchdogs have referred to the Indian government’s actions as slow-paced genocide, but the international government has mostly been a silent observer and has not condemned it.
The international community and United Nations have an obligation and responsibility to see that their resolutions are carried out in letter and spirit in order to bring about peace, tranquility, and dignity in this region and protect the populace and region from major catastrophe.
Regardless of India’s actions, Kashmir is a recognized disputed area and will stay such until the genuine aspirations of the Kashmiris are met. It is unlikely that India’s oppression in Kashmir would alter this fact.